# Thread: inequality and sides of triangles

1. ## inequality and sides of triangles

If alb,c are sides a triangle, then prove

$3(ab+bc+ca) \leq (a+b+c)^{2} \leq 4(ab+bc+ca)$

2. ## Re: inequality and sides of triangles

This is what I got:
the first inequality:

$(b-c)^{2} \geq 0 , (a-c)^{2} \geq 0 , (a-b)^{2} \geq 0$

adding all of them together we get:

$2(a^{2} + b^{2} +c^{2}) \geq 2(ab + ac +bc)$

$(a^{2} + b^{2} +c^{2}) \geq (ab + ac +bc)$

therefore,

$(a+b+c)^{2} \geq 3(ab + ac +bc)$

the second inequality:

by triangle inequality we have:

$a > |b-c|, b>|a-c|, c> |a-b|$

by squaring both sides, we get :

$a^{2} > c^{2} + b^{2} -2bc$

$b^{2} > c^{2} + a^{2} -2ac$

$c^{2} > a^{2} + b^{2} -2ba$

$a^{2} + b^{2} + c^{2} > 2(a^{2} + b^{2} + c^{2})-2(ab+ac+bc)$

$2ab+2ac+2bc > a^{2} + b^{2} + c^{2}$

by adding $2ab+2ac+2bc$

we get,

$4(ab+ac+bc) > (a+b+c)^{2}$

There are currently 1 users browsing this thread. (0 members and 1 guests)

#### Posting Permissions

• You may not post new threads
• You may not post replies
• You may not post attachments
• You may not edit your posts
•