1. ## 1967 HSC help

This is only the first question of the 1967 Extension 2 HSC and I am already having trouble. Pls help. Are there solutions to these older papers (<1991) online??

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2. ## Re: 1967 HSC help

You could use mathematical induction.

3. ## Re: 1967 HSC help

i will check if I have anything.
pretty sure though that everything I have is up.

4. ## Re: 1967 HSC help

Consider:
m.a^m = a^m + a^m + ... + a^m (m terms)

m.a^m > a^0 + a^1 + ... + a^(m-1) (since a>0 and m is a positive integer)

m.a^m + [m.a^(m-1) + ... + m] > a^0 + a^1 + ... + a^(m-1) + [m.a^(m-1) + ... + m]

m.a^m + m.a^(m-1) + ... + m > 1 + a^1 + ... + a^(m-1) + m[a^(m-1) + ... + 1]

m.a^m + m.a^(m-1) + ... + m > 1 + a^1 + ... + a^(m-1) + m[a^(m-1) + ... + 1]

m(a^m + a^(m-1) + ... + 1) > (m+1)(1 + a^1 + ... + a^(m-1))

(a^m + a^(m-1) + ... + 1)/(m+1) > (1 + a^1 + ... + a^(m-1))/(m)

5. ## Re: 1967 HSC help

The left hand side is the average of (m+1) numbers {a^0,a^1,a^2,...,a^(m)} and the right hand side is the average of m numbers {a^0,...,a^(m-1)}. Since a^m is bigger than all the other numbers, having that present will increase the average. You can instead prove that adding a number greater than the average to any set of (n) numbers will increase the average of the (n+1) numbers.

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