you underline the names of all your texts.. even if they are movies
wow cool! thanx!
o yeah, i just remembered one:
c l a s s o f 2 0 0 4 ~ !
☆★ - - B Commerce/B Arts - -☆★
you underline the names of all your texts.. even if they are movies
"Egghead loves his booky wook!"
surely those ones can keep you occupied for a while.. and good point the exam is tomorrow. alright by popular demand ill add a few more (but this better be worth a rep )
ther hope your happy (and my rep count increase dramatically... hehe)
and a personal one for shuter:
"disco_dave's bowl of intellengence leads me to believe...." HA
Delta showing visually, what she wants to do to me orally (good chick fairly)
I, disco_dave, take no responseability for anything I post, say or mumble (even spelling misetakes)
• Alliteration – repetition of sounds at the beginning of words
• Allusion – refer to or quote a powerful text/source that people already know
• Assonance – same but with vowels and not necessarily at the beginning of words
• Atmosphere – also known as mood/impression
• Attitude – ideas, opinions, assertions on matters
• Audience – who will respond (think not forced into it as we are)
• Bias – favouring one thing/person over another
• Cadence – inflection of the voice
• Colloquial – informal language, conversational, slang
• Compare/Contrast – look at more than one text and point out differences
• Consonance – as above, with consonants
• Context – background, situation etc
• Effective – whether the text has worked (in terms of purpose/effect)
• Emotive language – appeals to emotions
• Enjambment – poetic device, when a sentence is continued on the next line with no pause (seen in Coleridge)
• Euphemism – a word or phrase substituting one which may be considered too direct e.g. “birds and bees” v. sex
• Facial expression
• Filming techniques
o Angles – up (superior), down (inferior), same (neutral)• Formal language – precise, correct, often harsh or impersonal
o Body language
o Contrasts in colour
o Editing/Transitions – cut (speed up), dissolve (dramatic pause), fade (major change), defocus (slows pace), wipe (certain genres)
o Framing – boundaries of the image incl. aspect ratio
o Sound Effects
o Visual Effects
• Hyperbole/minimisation – over exaggeration/understating
• Idiom – a style of expression peculiar grammatically and often identified with certain groups or languages e.g. English phrases such as “to keep tabs on”
• Impression conveyed – you ought to mention this, as in, what you feel is brought across by the composer
• Juxtaposition – placing two opposing things side by side, good for conflict
• Lists of three – three-part structures as in Lincoln’s speech, very memorable
• Metaphor – Implicit comparison though designating one thing as another e.g. “in a world of hurt” or “a sea of troubles”
• Objective/Subjective tone
• Onomatopoeia – *bang*
• Persuasive – how well the writer can change your views (propaganda)
• Punny headline
• Purpose – desired result
• Register – use of vocabulary for a particular purpose/to particular people
• Repetition/Parallel Sentence Structure – repeating the same phrase or words/particularly at the beginning of a number of sentences
• Rhetorical question – questions which are silently answered in the mind of the audience
• Rhythm/Rhyme – should be self evident
• Sensory imagery – Words which invoke images e.g. warm dusty trail etc
• Simile – A “like” or “as” statement comparing two essentially unlike things
• Speculate – engage in reasoning based on inconclusive evidence (i.e. BSing)
• Stanza – grouping of lines in a poem
• Structure – how is the argument set out? Is it logical? Stream-of-consciousness?
• Style – what are the distinguishing characteristics of the work?
• Symbolism – using an object or sentence to explain or represent something else
• Tone – attitude presented, choice of language
I'm quite sure it's more than just the word order. I was only using the programming language as an example, as it's so clear. Syntax of a language refers to the rules for forming admissible sentences.
I do not know where my dogs have gone. Abides by the syntax of the English language.
I do not know where my dogs are at. Violates the English syntax, as it ends the sentence with a preposition.
I do not know where my dog's have gone. Violates the English syntax, as it has an apostrophe in an illegal position.
By your definition, syntax is a technique. But by my definition I don't think it is.
Last edited by Kitaiko; 18 Oct 2004 at 12:15 AM.
Syntax can be broken as a technique.Originally Posted by Kitaiko
E.g. "Where my hoes at?" - It's colloquial and stylised.
A lot of songs and poetry wreak havoc with proper syntax for their own purposes and means, this is why it's a technique.
A total list (I can edit it if needs be)
"It's the possibility of having a dream come true that makes life interesting..." Paulo Coelho, The Alchemist
What do you call the technique where you imply that something is going to happen in the future in texts?
I remembered... that would be called forshadowing
I have found a list of english techniques that people might like to refer to when analysing texts. There are 20 pages of them, but you dont need to remember them all off by heart, but if you want to get into the top band, i reccomend you use the ones that people seldom hear of
List of film techniques! Thanks heaps to Gummy Bear
Originally Posted by Gummy_bear
Last edited by LoveHateSchool; 9 Dec 2012 at 6:04 PM. Reason: Adding Info
Its very similar to analysing a film and a normal written text, you have your basic irony, similies, metaphors, contrast, alliteration (provided there is some). What i suggest is if you use Adobe Photoshop, some of their applications/settings such as gradient, motion blurring, saturation etc. are good examples of how you can analyse a visual text. Consider:
+Type of shot: http://users.aber.ac.uk/dgc/gramtv.html
+Vector: "lines" that draw attention to a aprticular aspect of the image (see attached, with images used from www.news.com.au and www.smh.com.au respectively )
+Body language and gestures, as stated ^
+Symbolism: there is always some form of symbolism used in images
Thats all i can really think about im sure by now you'd have plenty to talk about the one text.
a few more of my 2 cents to add to the list:
B Comm/LLB @ USyd (V)
Yeah, I feel old...as an undergrad. lol.
try "portrays", "conveys", "is encapsulated in"
UNSW Bachelor Medicine / Surgery I
NSW 2005 UAI: 99.90
- English Advanced (96)
- English Extension 1 (50 - 5th in NSW)
- Mathematics Extension 1 (97)
- German Continuers (96 in 2004)
- Latin Continuers (96)
- Chemistry (94)
SBHS Class of 2005
Great Job Everyone.....these are some nice techniques!
Hmmmm....since i am replying i might as well add something....
ok for films..
you could use
Chroma Key......this is a visual effect.
basically guys this tool allows superman to fly...
ever notice in the making of films how you see a light green screen behind the actors.
that is used so only the actors are captured..
the background can be changed....to Space......the moon.....mars....new zealand!
lol ok ok ok im losing it
Anyway in some strange way you can add 'chroma key' i hope....
ill add one to the prose:
Use of Short Sentence - powerful...deep.meaningful...
The list which was provided by kimmeh is very useful and can provide great assistance when analysing a text but it does not include all of the techniques that you could use to sophisiticate your writing! I can't really say much because I can't write for shit but I did find the following links really useful:
Many of the techniques included on these sites overlap but each site provides some different and unconventional techniques! I bet some of them the teachers haven't even heard of! (better be careful though because if they haven't heard of them and they can't be bothered looking them up then they may mark you down for being smarter than them, but if your teacher is anything like mine than they will believe anything you write on the page!!)
Just one last thing - I found the last link to be the most help as it includes so many techniques! For example, hyperbaton and hypallage!!
Anyway, I hope these links help and best of luck to all the 06ers!
Hey guys i have just been testing out the links that I included in my previous post and I have discovered that the first link doesn't work so this is my advice:
Go to Google.com and type the following into the search bar:
american rhetoric+rhetorical devices in sound
I know that it says 'american' but hey the techniques are the same in every western country!! - I think!! and I hope!
Originally Posted by crazylilmonkee
Enjambment is not a line break it is actually when the lines run on (says my teacher) so the effect this has is that it allows detail build up therefore a more descriptive perspective on an otherwise plain idea.
I've posted this before in http://community.boredofstudies.org/...l-journey.html
But here we go again, particularly for visual techniques:
-sustained motif - these are usually used to unify the text. Do they symbolise anything? Eg In The Skin Of A Lion by Michael Ondaatje - light and darkness is a sustained motif, symbolising or creating the meaning of marginalisation, the nature of history (but that can be debated)
-sustained metaphor - a comparison to something that lasts for an extended period of time. eg Atwood's Journey into the Interior - a sustained metaphor of the difficult landscape to describe the obstacles in her imaginative/inner journey.
-intertextuality (suggesting relation to another film to the audience so that you can create meaning eg: Moulin Rouge: Satine and Christian are on top of the elephant showing intertextuality to the scene in Titanic (at the front of the boat)to suggest the love is true and perfect, but will end in tragedy.
-camera shots and angles: high angle shots, low angle shots = depicting the powerful, close up = intimacy possibly? think of the meaning they're trying to portray. This can be different depending on the way in which you view your text.
-juxtaposition/sequence of events - what scenes are directly placed next to each other to create meaning? eg Rabbit Proof Fence. A shot of the children holding onto the fence, then quickly a shot to the family holding onto the fence. Shows the meaning of a connection?
-Tone - the characters/the author. Are they biased? Are they patronising? This creates meaning
Language Register - Is the language formal(of literary)/informal (colloquial or conversational)/ or Slang? What does this do to the audience. Eg: The author Paul Jennings uses colloquial language to engage his young audience and makes his text relatable...
Didactic - Does it teach something? A moral? ie: The didactic element in the text that "avarice is the root of all evil" is depicted by Hank's close-up shot of his face, showing his sadness after his journey.
Pun - play on words eg: the title of the text is called "Tyred". This depicts that at the end of the journey, she's actually "tired" but adds a humorous aspect by using the word "tyre" in relation to her road trip. This shows a comical, yet tedious journey...
Rhyme - many things it can do to create meaning - create tension, speed/slow down time, create an atmosphere. etc
Alliteration - the occurence in close proximity of two or more words having the same sounds (constanants) - Fishing Furiously with a Furry Grin. This creates (from the example) for the audience the extent of the character's behaviour while fishing.
Assonance - like alliteration, but with vowel sounds. eg: And all is seared with trade - bleared, smeared with toil.
Cliche - overused, outworn phrase or short sentence eg: pretty as a picture, clean as a whistle.
Camera transition - the effects use to change scene - eg: Fades through black - this can depict time passing, or death, or emotive qualities.
Jargon - specialised words for a specific profession or groups. Eg: Musical jargon: "through-composed", or Internet Jargon: "lol". Jargon will give you smoe indictation to the author's purpose, and the target audience.
Lighting (for film/visuals) - Usually creates mood through shadows, contrasts and colours. What does the lighting create a sense of? Eg: Green - scary, gruesome, mysterious.
Paradox - A delibrate statement of what seems to be absurd or contradictory yet it's actually reasonable in the context.
B Mus (1st Class Hons) @ UoS/Conservatorium
MA in Communication Management @ UTS
If any of this helps, you're welcome to it.
Cleverly worded and emotionally loaded headline (capture audience interest)
“Drop quote” to summarise a matter of concern or to entertain the responder
Visual text with story appeal
Emotionally engaging and thought-provoking lead paragraph which introduces the central idea or thesis and indicates the context. Usually linked to headline and visual text
Short paragraphs which elaborate on or develop the central idea in the lead paragraph. These paragraphs rely on background information, intellectually challenging ideas, imagery, persuasive techniques and humour to hold the reader’s interest and to persuade her/him to agree with the composer’s opinion
Concluding statement which is a final attempt to win the reader’s support and reinforces the thesis (gives the article a circular structure)
Style includes opinion – a mixture of main points, facts and emotional content
A persuasive voice to suit the composer’s purpose (1st, 2nd, 3rd person)
Persuasive techniques i.e. emotional appeal; emotive words to convey attitude; rhetorical questions; selective use of facts; quotations or comments by important people (experts and witnesses, etc); humour
Imaginative language to evoke the presence of an event, person, place, atmosphere/mood
With website articles: talk directly to each individual member of your mass audience (use the active voice)
Conversational language, rhetorical questions
Language features like simile, hyperbole, idioms (engage audience and keep them interested in the interview)
1st person and directly involving the audience
Hand movements - gestures etc
Mimics natural speech patterns
Anecdotes and rhetorical questions
Keep your sentences and paragraphs short
In your conclusion: remind the audience of your topic material, cover your points again, catch the audience's attention for the last time and then give the audience something to clap about
An interview is the same regardless of whether it’s on TV, radio or email
You can include stage directions in a TV interview – although this is really unnecessary
Introduce your characters with a bit of a blurb at the top of your page
Might use a date and maybe a title (i.e. radio interview with Joe Boss, 2UE)
Language should be appropriate to the characters’ usual tone and manner of speech
Don’t use colloquial language unless it’s appropriate to the character’s context
Choose your questions carefully – this is what you’ll write when you’re planning
Similar to an interview, but more conversational
Entertaining; two equal characters
Choose characters with differing views
When planning write out your major points, but write out your points of discussion as well – both sides of the argument
Address at the top right-hand corner of the page
A greeting or salutation, reflecting the relationship
Body of the letter (information given in the form of news items, point of view, questions asked and action requested)
A complimentary close and signature
Conversational tone (exclamation marks, dashes and question marks)
More concern with emotion than facts; first person speaker “I”
Vocabulary to reflect the relationship between sender and receiver
Non-standard grammar, written down speech; colloquialisms
Brief and direct or to-the-point messages
A variety of sentence structures, and imagery and persuasive strategies that are linked with the purpose for writing the letter
Attempt to engage readers emotionally as well as proposing an interesting idea
Headline (puns, alliteration, emotive and imaginative words) and graphics
Content that gives details about the artistic work, but avoids telling the reader the ending
A description of the key features of the artistic work that contains a point of view or personal response
A concluding paragraph that includes a judgement of the artistic work
Lively use of language to inform, entertain and influence the reader
Descriptive language and emotive words to convey attitudes or judgements
Action verbs written in the present tense
Context and description of artistic work
Information and comments on particular aspects of the story
A development of a point of view from which the reviewer describes and judges the work
In your orientation, identify the text being reviewed and comment on its publication date, genre and its special qualities. Mention any cultural values in the text’s context. Identify to whom it may appeal. Say what it is about and introduce its main themes
Discuss the text’s strengths and weaknesses, and the quality of its techniques
Evaluate the text’s message and the effectiveness of its narrative and persuasive strategies
Conclude with your own personal responses to the text’s message, events and characters
Use 3rd person and present-tense verbs to give your text a sense of timelessness
Add your own rating
Date, 1st person and sentence fragments (formal paragraphs not necessary)
Personal record of thoughts, feelings and events of your life
Draw or doodle pictures to give your entries a more realistic feel
Length of entry will vary from day-to-day
Experiment with language and styles
Appropriate to use slang
Similar to diary but written to be read by others and is therefore more formal in language and presentation
Record of events for a specific purpose
General statement or classification
Simple present tense
Last edited by tamorapierce13; 10 Sep 2006 at 7:08 PM.
Hey, thanks to all who generously posted such marvelous links! I donno if this is helpful or not, but if you ever need to FIND quotations to go with the techniques are are getting frustrated with flipping through your text frantically...- you can open an ebook and use Ctrl F to find the phrase.
Alot of the texts we study are on ebooks on sites like
OK So far this is everyones contribution:
"studies show that"
"consumer focus groups agree that"
"our best testing indicates that"
"market trends forcast that"
"9/10 students agree that"
"my personal trainer states, and my doctor agrees that"
"is encapsulated in"
Try having a look at some surrealist artists, like Salvador Dali, or Cubists like Picasso. They should be useful to you.Originally Posted by kia-kaha
Alternatively, consider that the poem of Kubla Khan focuses a lot on the River. A suggestion is to look for some documentaries OR artworks on important rivers, like the Amazon, Yangtze, Nile, etc...and consider how the composer describes the importance and/or majesty of the river in supporting OR destroying life around the river. In Kubla Khan's case, how it supported Coleridge's creative thinking and imagination.
B Comm/LLB @ USyd (V)
Yeah, I feel old...as an undergrad. lol.
i found some techniques:
. vector lines - really good technique to use - common in questions.
. character characteristics
. font size
. body language
. the setting of the cartoon
I remember doing a whole load for visual texts in year 11
you have to study:
placement/blending of objects
colour (or lack thereof)
can't think of any others... but if i can find my notes, i'll post more
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