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World War One (1 Viewer)

p342i

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Was everyone reasonably happy with the source study this year?

I personally thought it was excellent, but can we just confirm the first 5 marks lol, just for assurances sake [people please correct me if something is wrong]

1(a)
- Germany retaliated by using U-boats to sink supply ships in an attempt to 'stave' Britain.

1(b)
- America was provoked by Germany violating its neutral shipping polies (i.e. unrestricted submarine warfare)

1(c)
- Germany was able to send reinforcements due to the end of the war on the eastern front; the defeat of Russia.

2
- The war was at a crisis point because the allies were buckling under the superiority of the German army, conducive to their ability to maintain fresh supplies of troops
- The war was at a crisis point because time had become a fundamental factor in the determinaton of both the outcome and duration of the conflict

3
For question three I talked about how the US entry was the most significant turning point because it brought into play, the allies advantage of 'strategic strength' - essentially their superior resource: a greater agricultural and industrial capacity, greater land holdings, more personnel, equipment, allies etc... This in turn gave them psychological confidence in assurance of winning the war in a prolonged conflict. They effectively would undoubtely win a war of Attrition. Therefore it was significant because it directed the future outcome of the war. I also talked about the moral boost and decline on each side, the reinvigoration of the French will to fight in the wake of the 1917 mutinees. I used Source A in saying that the US aid supplied by their entry was a significant factor in the ability of the allies to stem the tide of the Spring Offensive; therefore a significant turning point in itself. For Source B I said it displayed the morale thing, the French etc...

Please add to this what you put down, I'm sure there is such a variety of things to say on a question as broad as turning points.

4
- I do extension history, so there's no way I'm going into depth of what I said for this! But essentially they were both useful for the perspectives they conveyed, their relevant content. I also mentioned Source D was useful in two ways: one via its display of the impact of total war as causing food shortages; and secondly as it indirectly revealed the use of propaganda such as the poster itself as a consequence of total war.

A good source study.
 

Cabrello

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I did exactly the same thing as you for all of it, but for q3 I also added the united states brought in escorts protecting shipping so also worked to help keep supply in that way, just figured u could use source A a little more so why not.

And as far as attrition, I just worded it differently, pretty much they undermined the war of attrition that falkenhayn had fought. I kind of undid my source B usefulness by pointing out they were of a largely symbolic value reinvigorating the morale only because the American army was slow to arrive and inexperienced.

One of my friends talked about the changse in generalship, but I was reluctant to include it because Foch was French
 

Danm999

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3) I dealt with this in a few ways. The US entry was a significant turning point because:

  • The Russians had just left the war.
  • Militarily they provided massive resources, helped stave off the Spring Offensives, conduct the Allied freeing offensives.
  • Meant financial loans could rush back into Britain. More supplies to the Allies, better protected, US navy helped escort supply ships.
  • Large impact on home front morale for both Allies and Germany.
4) Basically, there was no problem with reliability. Source D was a little propagandistic, but since it was only telling people to save bread, and not kills Huns, it was ok :)

Usefulness is different. While it showed in Source C the food shortages in Germany and the policy of the Ministry of Food in Britain, it left a lot of things out. This ultimately detracts from usefulness.

For example, while they did allude to conscription, the changing roles of women and the shortage of raw materials in Germany, the sources had nothing on changing roles of governments (or the governments themselves) or the impacts various parts of the war had on civilians.
 

Princesa

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For questions 1 & 2 i got the same as what p342i got. for question 3 i wrote about:
-russian withdrawal
-US boosting morale
-superior technology
-increased resources
-US stopped lending money to Germany
-used a battle where the US were decisive as an example; i used the spring offensive b/c it was mentioned in source B.

For question 4:
Source C:
- unreliable b/c it was written by an american and published before the end of the war (1917), hence, may have been for propaganda
- written by an ally; may have exaggerated the situation to make it seem Germany was losing
- as an 'ambassador' he would never have experienced this himself; only seen it
- usegul for demonstrating effect on food and role of women

Source D:
- unreliable as it may have been used for propaganda ('Defeat the U Boat')
- useful in demonstrating food shortages during WW1

* comparing the sources would be useful in showing contrasting effects of war; germany had food shortages whereas Britain was only experiencing rationing
 

^CoSMic DoRiS^^

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yeah it was easy. but all i can say is gosh im so relieved that i remembered to revise american entry into the war this time. i always forget to go over it coz it's right at the end of my notes in among all this scribbly stuff and i overlook it. but i had an inkling they would ask us so i made sure i studied it. thank god.
 

Cabrello

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As far as source C goes it was compiled in 1917, so i just made the presumption it was written before the Zimmermann Telegram so he had freedom to travel Germany and it wouldn't have been tainted with too much bias as until the Lustiania the Americans were more annoyed with the British because the blockade affected American trade interests more than the German U-Boats which had previously held off of neutral shipping whlie the Zimmermmann Telegram broke America out of its isolationism
 

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